Yemen tended to give education the priority in the process of socio-economic development due to the fact that education is the basis for the development and advancement of any society, and this is remarkable through the expansion of various areas of public, technical, vocational and university education and the education indicators for the year 2006 show the scope of development, which this important sector witnessed through an increase in the number of educational facilities and increase in the number of enrolled students in public, technical, vocational and higher education as the number of schools in basic education reached (11285) governmental school.. The number enrolled students in basic education (public + private) reached (3991853) male students constituted (59.22%) while the proportion of females was (40.78%). The number of secondary and mixed school reached (3314), 303 of them are secondary schools and the number enrolled students in secondary education (public + private) reached (525.459) male students constitute (67.14%) while the proportion of females: (32.86%). The number of vocational and technical institutes reached 55 institutes and the number of students in these the technical and vocational institutes reached (12247) students, the ratio of males is (91.92%) while the proportion of females: (8.08%). The number of vocational centers reached 30 centers, The number of students in vocational centers reached (3338) students, with male students representing the proportion of (86.88%) while the females representing the proportion of (13.12%).
As for university education, the number of Yemeni universities reached (18), Universities of which (7) are governmental universities. The total number of students in public universities reached (169975) students the proportion of males represents (72.08%) while the proportion of females represents (27.92%) ,the number of students in private universities reached (26106) students the proportion of males represents ( 76.88%) while the proportion of females : (23.12%). The proportion of illiteracy among the population of 10 years and above, with males representing 27.3%, while the proportion of illiteracy among females represent 69.1%.